What's Happening in Parliament

On Monday the 25th of June the All Party Parliamentary Group for Yemen hosted a meeting with Ayman Gharaibeh, the UNHCR Representative for Yemen. Below is a summary of the main points that were raised at the meeting between Mr Gharaibeh and the APPG.

•2 million people countrywide are internally displaced and are having to move to camps and settlements with temporary shelters.

•The UNHCR is responsible for 130,000 civilians who are hosted in UN facilities.

•Yemen is under a de-facto blockade and the flow of goods through Hudaydah Port is essential to the survival of the population.

•Hudaydah Port assault is horrific news for a peaceful resolution to this conflict. The Port itself has not been attacked and the airport is still not fully under coalition control (As of Monday 25th June). All aid agencies and the United Nations are concerned at this situation. Even without an attack on the port, when aid arrives in the country the transport routes to civilians are disrupted.

•Martin Griffiths the UN Special Envoy to Yemen is continuing to work with both sides to find a peaceful solution to the conflict. However, it must be noted that his current remit is to ‘stop the war and not to bring peace.’

•No UNSC member state has any influence over the Houthis. Without this leverage it is difficult to pressure them to compromise.
•According to Mr Gharaibeh there is an increasing tendency for hardliners on both sides to be left in leadership positions. It is important that the ‘doves’ are not side-lined so that they are able to push the agenda for peace.

•The United Nations has never in its recent history managed an active port during a conflict

•The visit by Mike Pompeo the new Secretary of State to Riyadh appears to have provided the catalyst for the military offensives on Hudaydah.

•The negotiations will in the estimations of Mr Gharaibeh be based on income and not how much of the country is controlled. The Houthis benefit from the war continuing, they tax anything coming in to their area. If goods are going from the South to the North they are taxed twice.

•The Humanitarian aid that enters Yemen is only able to sustain 20% of the countries requirements. Humanitarian aid agencies cannot supplement all Yemen’s requirements. Commercial imports are also a necessity.